Below, the User is provided with general information on what cookies are and what types exist.

What are cookies?

Cookies and similar devices, such as pixels, web bugs, etc., are text or image files that are installed in the user's browser when the user accesses an online service. They allow, among other things, storage, and retrieval of information about the user, the user's browser, the user's devices and the user's activity on the service to which the user connects.

What types of cookies are there?

There are several types of cookies. Below, we provide the user with some classifications of cookies, without necessarily implying that this service uses all of these types of cookies:

a) According to the entity that manages the cookies:
  • Own Cookies: these are sent to the user's device or terminal from the equipment or domain belonging to the owner of a service and managed by the latter.
  • Third-party cookies: Third-party cookies: these are sent to the user's device or terminal from a computer or domain that is not managed by the holder of a service, but by a third party that will process the information obtained through the cookies.
b) According to conservation time:
  • Session cookies: these are cookies that collect and store data when the user accesses a service and cease to exist once the user leaves the service.
  • Persistent cookies: These are cookies that have a duration determined by the service provider. Conservation time can vary from a few minutes to several years. They are used to save and retrieve certain parameters each time the user visits a service.
c) According to their purpose:
  • Technical Cookies: these are essential and strictly necessary for the correct operation and use of the different options or services offered by those responsible for the same. For example, those for session maintenance, response time management, performance, or option validation, use security elements, etc.
  • Personalization cookies: these are cookies that allow the user to specify or personalise some of the characteristics of a service. For example, set the language, regional settings, or browser type.
  • Analytical Cookies: those that allow us to count the number of unique visitors and carry out an analysis of the use of a service to measure the interests of these or certain areas of the same. For example, an analytical cookie would be used to monitor the geographical areas from which the highest percentages of users connect, which product or service is most popular, etc.
  • Advertising cookies: These allow the management of advertising spaces in a service.
  • Behavioural advertising cookies: These allow the management of advertising spaces in a service. The role of these cookies is to store information on the behaviour of users of a service, to subsequently display personalized advertising.
d) Other technologies:
  • Pixels, web bugs or trackers: also known as tracking pixels, pixel tracking, pixel tag or conversion pixels, web beacons. These are minute, transparent 1x1 pixel images inserted into a service for activity measurements. Once a given page of the service is loaded in a browser, the image will be loaded, and this data can be measured. Tracking pixels generally make it possible to track how far a given user IP has travelled through an online service.
  • HTML5 Storage: consists of taking advantage of the capabilities of HTML5 technology to store in the user's browser given parameters that can be used to identify the user's browser.
  • Local Shared Objects (LSOs): also known as "flash cookies", consists of storing information without cookies on the user's computer, taking advantage of Adobe Flash Player technology.
  • Etags: this is an HTTP protocol mechanism that allows the validation of the cache that the user saves in his browser on the web. This technology is mainly used to save bandwidth by avoiding duplicate downloads. However, it can also be used to recognise the user's browser.
  • Canvas fingerprinting: consists in generating a unique form in the user's browser by taking advantage of the HTML5 web standard technology to identify the user's computer.
  • Font detection: this technique involves identifying the font settings of the user's equipment to obtain a unique identification of the equipment.
  • Browser cache: as its name suggests, this technique consists of storing information in the browser cache.
  • WebGL: This technique allows us to take advantage of the capabilities to represent three-dimensional figures of modern browsers to obtain a unique identification of the computer, due to the different configurations of each.


Who is responsible for this service?

Cambridge University Press Suc. Iberia (hereinafter Cambridge), with CIF: W0064249F; company domiciled at c/ José Abascal 56, 1º - 28003 Madrid (Madrid), entity registered in the Register of Foundations (registration number 250CUL-EXT).

What technologies do we use?

Specifically, this online service uses cookies and other similar devices for the following purposes:

Purpose Persistence Source/Supplier Further information
Techniques 1 year
180 days
HubSpot (*)
Analytical 26 months
6 months
Google (*)
HubSpot (*)
Advertising 120 days Facebook (*) Facebook

(*) Information obtained through these cookies is stored on HubSpot, Google and Facebook servers located in the United States, a country whose legislation does not guarantee an adequate level of data protection in the opinion of the European authorities. By consenting to using these cookies, you also consent to the international transfer of your personal data to HubSpot, Google and Facebook in the USA.

How to disable or delete cookies

When accessing the service for the first time, the user will see a cookie notice informing them of the way in which they can give or refuse their consent. If the user has given their consent, they may disable or delete the aforementioned cookies at any time by configuring the browser options used on their device or terminal.

However, users should bear in mind that if they reject or delete cookies, we will not be able to maintain their preferences and some features will not be operational, so we will not be able to offer them personalised services and each time they use the service they will appear as a new user who will be asked for their authorisation to use cookies.

Below, we provide links in which the user will find information on how to disable cookies and similar in the main browsers:

How does the use of cookies affect the protection of the user’s personal data?

Most cookies collect anonymous information, which does not allow you to obtain the identity of the user, although some of the codes that are included serve to distinguish or individualize the browser of your device used, and the regulations on the protection of personal data may apply. Therefore, we inform them that the information obtained through cookies will be processed with the purposes indicated in this Cookies Policy. Likewise, this information will also be processed by those companies that provide cookies for the purpose indicated in their respective privacy policies. However, bearing in mind that these codes do not allow the identification of the User, the rights of access, rectification, deletion, opposition, limitation, or portability recognised in the data protection regulations will not be applicable, unless the User can provide additional information that allows their identity to be linked to the identification codes of their cookies.

In the event that their right to data protection is violated, the User may file a complaint with the Spanish Data Protection Agency (www.aepd.es).

Further information: the User can pose any query related to the use of cookies that is not covered in this Cookies Policy by sending an email to arco@cambridge.org.